A flood is a significant flooding of an area resulting from an increase in water level of a river, lake or sea during the period of snow melting, rain showers, wind seiches, in case of blockages, ice jams and so on.

Floods caused by wind seiches in river estuaries belong to a special category. Floods lead to a destruction of bridges, roads, buildings and structures, cause significant material damage, and, at high speeds of water movement (over 4m/s) and a high water rise level (over 2 m) lead to deaths of people and animals. The main cause of destruction is the impact of hydraulic blows of water masses, blocks of ice moving at a high speed, various debris, floating crafts, etc. on buildings and structures. Floods can arise suddenly and last anywhere from a few hours to 2-3 weeks.



· listen to information about the situation and operational procedures on a continuing basis

· transfer food, valuable items, clothes and shoes to upper floors

· evacuate people from hazardous areas

· rescue people, wherever they happen to be, using any means

· first of all, move children out of the flooded zone

· render urgent help to people who are in the water.



If you are at home:

· Stay calm.

· Warn neighbors and help children, the elderly and the disabled.

· Listen to the radio in order to receive updates about developments in the emergency.

· Do not call anywhere to avoid overloading telephone lines.

· Leave the house as soon as you receive the order to evacuate from rescue services.

· For evacuation, use the route established by the rescue services. Do not try to shorten the way – you can land in a dangerous place and become trapped.

· Secure domestic animals; provide them with water and food.

· Take only essential items (first aid kit, documents, medication).

If you are in a car:

· Avoid driving on a flooded road - you may be washed away by the current.

· If you find yourself in a flooded zone and the car breaks down, leave the car and call for help.



· Take out a first aid kit, help the injured.

· Listen to the radio and follow the instructions of rescue services.

· Be careful when returning home. Check whether its structures (walls, floor) are safe.

· If you discover a puddle of stagnant water in the house, immediately pour it over with 2 liters of a bleaching solution. Do not drain all of the water at once (this can damage the foundation) –drain only about one-third of the total amount of water every day.

· Do not live in a house where stagnant water remains.

·Watch out for an electric shock – if the water layer on the floor exceeds 5 cm, wear rubber boots.

· Make sure that electric cables do not contact with water. Turn off the power supply on switchboards in flooded areas, if you have not yet done so.

· If the floor near the switchboard is wet, cover it with a dry board and stand on it. To turn off the power supply, use a dry stick.

· If you have suspicions that drinking water in a well or a standpipe is contaminated, use water that has been stored in bottles in advance or boil it for 5 minutes. You can also add 2 drops of a bleaching solution to 1 liter of contaminated water and then let it stand for 30 minutes.

· Wash or disinfect all dirty dishes and tableware using boiling water or a bleaching solution (one teaspoon of bleacher per one sink filled with water).

· Do not raise air temperature at home above 4 degrees Celsius before all standing water is drained.

· Remove all debris and objects soaked in water from the house.

· Remove remaining mud and dirt, throw away all soiled bedding items, clothes, furniture and other objects.

· Wipe all surfaces in the house with a bleaching solution. At the same time, ensure good ventilation to purify air from toxic vapors.


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e-mail: od.mchs@mail.ru

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  • Services, information products of Kyrgyzhydromet

Behavior rules in emergency situations

  • FIRE

    Fires are flames that have gone out of a human being’s control. Fire starts when the temperature of a material’s ignition turns out to be lower than the temperature of the heat source. Among the most common causes of fire, the following can be noted: carelessness of people, defects of electric or heating appliances, self-ignition, lightning, a large number of electric appliances connected to one socket, etc.


    An earthquake is one of the scariest and devastating natural occurrences. They happen in the so-called seismoactive regions of the Earth. One of such regions is the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic.


    High water is a significant flooding of an area as a result of an increase in the water level in a river, lake during the period of snow melting, rainstorms, wind seiches, in case of blockages, ice jams and so on.


    Landslide – is a downward drift of loose rock under the influence of gravity, especially when lose material is saturated with water. It is one of the forms of a disaster.


    A mud stream (mudflow) is a rapid stream flow from a mixture of water and rock debris that appear suddenly in basins of small mountainous rivers. Translated from Arabic, the word ‘sel’ means ‘torrential flow’. Imagine a furiously churning wave the height of a five-story house that rushes along the gorge with the speed of an express train, breaking down centuries-old trees and easily moving boulders weighing many tons. The most powerful mudflows usually happen in June, when the hot sun intensively melts glaciers and millions of tons of water accumulate in moraines – giant accumulations of rock debris deposited by a glacier. If a moranic lake situated at an altitude of 3000 - 3500 meters above sea level breaks out, a chain reaction begins: a mud and rock flow emerges, that sweeps down and constantly increases in volume and strength.


    An avalanche is a snow mass that has slipped from a mountain slope and is moving under the force of gravity. It drags along more and more masses of snow on its way.


    Rain storms are the cause of the most common disaster type – floods – and therefore incur the main economic damages.


    A flood is a significant flooding of an area resulting from an increase in water level of a river, lake or sea during the period of snow melting, rain showers, wind seiches, in case of blockages, ice jams and so on.

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